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    PDF | This paper uses panel data from the German car industry for the estimation Prices are taken from the official publication Schwacke Liste, which contains. In Germany, there are well-known lists, namely Schwacke List [AG09] tomobil Treuhand GmbH (DAT) List [Gmb09], that help public domain to. Overview. The seminar “US and European Constitutional Law from a Comparative Perspective” aims at identifying and analyzing structural differences and.

    Scordino, and A. Year-round algal toxin exposure in free-ranging sea lions. Adrianne Monet. Year-round algal toxin exposure in free-ranging sea lions: implications of trophic exposure for declining populations. Paper , p. Rambla-Alegre, A. Braga, A. Maulvault, V.

    Wang, G. Jankowski, S. Peruvian fur seals Arctocephalus australis ssp. Wang, M. Berman, G. Langlois, S. Morton, E.

    Sekula-Wood, C. Trophic transfer of the harmful algal toxin domoic acid as a cause of death in a minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata stranding in Southern California. Mammals Wang, T. Leighfield, S. Morton, W. McFee, W. McLellan, R. Litaker, P. Tester, A. Hohn, G. Lovewell, C. Harms, D. Rotstein, S. Barco, A. Costidis, B. Sheppard, G. Bossart, M. Stolen, W. Durden, and F. Domoic acid exposure in pygmy and dwarf sperm whales Kogia spp. Harmful Algae 8: Byrd, H. Whitehead, J.

    Paternoster, and S. Co-occurrence of multiple classes of harmful algal toxins in bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus stranding during an unusual mortality event in Texas, USA. Duerr, B. Bodenstein, K. Lindquist, J. Lindsey, J. Beck, L. Henkel, J. Roletto, J. Harvey, and R. Investigation of a largescale common murre Uria aalge mortality event in California in Wildlife Dis. Mazet, T. Zabka, G. Langlois, K. Colegrove, M. Silver, S. Bargu, F. Van Dolah, T.

    Leighfield, P. Conrad, J. Barakos, D. Williams, S. Dennison, M. Haulena, and F. Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions Zalophus californianus : an increasing risk to marine mammal health. Royal Soc. London B Zabka, R. DeLong, E. Wheeler, G. Ylitalo, S. Bargu, M. Leighfield, F. Van Dolah, G. Langlois, I. Sidor, J. Dunn, and F. The role of domoic acid in abortion and premature parturition of California sea lions Zalophus californianus on San Miguel Island, California.

    Unusual marine mammal mortality event - Domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions Zalophus californianus stranded along the central California coast, May - October PDF file; 1. Domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions Znlophus californinnus stranded along the central California coast, May-October Hall, D. Greig, E. Frame, K. Colegrove, R.

    Booth, S. Wasser, and J. Evaluation of circulating eosinophil count and adrenal gland function in California sea lions naturally exposed to domoic acid. Haulena, D. Fauquier, G. Langlois, M. Lander, T. Zabka, and R. Domoic acid toxicity in Californian sea lions Zalophus californianus : clinical signs, treatment and survival. Evidence of domoic acid exposure in harbour seals from Scotland: a potential factor in the decline in abundance? Harmful Algae 9: Gulland, G. Ylitalo, D. Greig, and L.

    Changes in blubber contaminant concentrations in California sea lions Zalophus californianus associated with weight loss and gain during rehabilitation. Scott, C. Hatfield, H. Barnett, E. Gauglitz, Jr. Wekell, and M. Domoic acid in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss feeds. Benson, K. Gilardi, R. Poppenga, T. Work, P. Dutton, and J. Comparative health assessment of western Pacific leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea foraging off the coast of California, — Domoic acid analyses of zooplankton, fish and rhodophyta in Monterey Bay.

    Zhang, Z. Zuo, R. Zhu, and Y. Influences of domoic acid exposure on cardiac development and the expression of cardiovascular relative genes in zebrafish Daniorerio embryos. Romano, Y. Carotenuto, F. Esposito, V. Roncalli, I. Buttino, and A. Hydrobiolgia Lacaze, G. Hermann, J. Kershaw, A. Brownlow, A. Turner, and A. Detection and effects of harmful algal toxins in Scottish harbour seals and potential links to population decline.

    Toxicon Are toxins from harmful algae a factor involved in the decline of harbour seal populations in Scotland? PhD Thesis, University of St. Andrews, UK, p. Madl, C. Duncan, F. Gulland, and R. Domoic acid-induced seizures in California sea lions Zalophus californianus are associated with neuroinflammatory brain injury. Miller, L.

    Lowenstine, P. Conrad, T. Carpenter, D. Jessup, and J. Evaluation of cardiac lesions and risk factors associated with myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in southern sea otters Enhydra lutris nereis. Raimundo, V. Brotas, and P. Detection and sub-cellular distribution of the amnesic shellfish toxin, domoic acid, in the digestive gland of Octopus vulgaris during periods of toxin absence. Teegarden, P. Wang, and G. Rolland, P. Roth, N. Lundholm, Z. Exposure of the North Atlantic right whale Eubalaena glacialis to the marine algal biotoxin, domoic acid.

    Tilton, T. Bammler, R. Beyer, S. Srinouanprachan, P. Stapleton, F. Farin, and E. Gene expression profiles in zebrafish brain after acute exposure to domoic acid at symptomatic and asymptomatic doses. Powell, G. Doucette, J. Silver, P. Miller, P. Hughes, M. Silver, and R. Domoic acid-producing diatoms: probable cause of neuroexcitotoxicity in California sea lions.

    Trophic transfer, tissue distribution, and neurotoxic consequences of the phycotoxin, domoic acid, in northern anchovies Engraulis mordax. Hendrix, B. Halaska, P.

    Duignan, S. Shum, N. Isoherranen, D. Marcinek, and F. Domoic acid in California sea lion fetal fluids indicates continuous exposure to a neuroteratogen poses risks to mammals. Robertson, E. Nance, K. Baugh, H. Wiedenhoft, and F. Clinical signs and histopathology associated with domoic acid poisoning in northern fur seals Callorhinus ursinus and comparison of toxin detection methods.

    Powell, M. Doucette, P. Moeller, J. Miller, M. Hughes, S. Singaram, M. Detection of domoic acid in northern anchovies and California sea lions associated with an unusual mortality event.

    Natural Toxins 7: Noren, I. Schultz, S. Bogard, J. Wilson, and B. Uptake, tissue distribution and excretion of domoic acid after oral exposure in coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch. Aquatic Toxicol.

    German-English translation for "Schwacke-Liste"

    Frame, F. Gulland, J. Hansen, P. Kendrick, R. Beyer, T. Bammler, F. Farin, E. Hiolski, D. Smith, and D. A novel antibody-based biomarker for chronic algal toxin exposure and sub-acute neurotoxicity. Quakenbush, E. Burek Huntington, G.

    Sheffield, R. Stimmelmayr, A. Bryan, P. Kendrick, H. Ziel, T. Snyder, T. Gelatt, F. Gulland, B. Dickerson, and V. Prevalence of algal toxins in Alaskan marine mammals foraging in a changing arctic and subarctic environment. Coale, and R. Domoic acid in planktivorous fish in relation to toxic Pseudo-nitzschia cell densities. Bargu, T. Kieckhefer, and M.

    From sanddabs to blue whales: the pervasiveness of domoic acid. Dovel, and M. Tissue distribution and neurotoxic effects of domoic acid in a prominent vector species, the northern anchovy Engraulis mordax. Joshi, A. Draghi II, F.

    Jessup, and S. De Guise. Immunomodulatory effects upon in vitro exposure of California sea lion and southern sea otter peripheral blood leukocytes to domoic acid. Turner, S. Bates, C. Feeding, egg production, and egg hatching success of the copepods Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis on diets of the toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and the non-toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia pungens.

    Feeding, egg production and egg hatching success of the copepods Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis on diets of the toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and the non-toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia pungens. Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, p. Abstract Litz, J. Baran, S.

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    Bowen-Stevens, R. Colegrove, L. Garrison, S. Fire, E. Fougeres, R. Hardy, S. Holmes, W. Jones, B. Mase-Guthrie, D. Odell, P. Rose, J. Saliki, D. Shannon, S. Shippee, S. Smith, E. Stratton, M. Tumlin, H. Whitehead, G. Worthy, and T.

    Lopes, P. Costa, and R. Cephalopods as vectors of harmful algal bloom toxins in marine food webs. Drugs Rosa, and P. Presence and persistence of the amnesic shellfish poisoning toxin, domoic acid, in octopus and cuttlefish brains. Pinto, A. Insinilla, B.

    Isla, E. Uribe, G. Alvarez, M. Lehane, A. Furey, and K. The occurrence of domoic acid linked to a toxic diatom bloom in a new potential vector: the tunicate Pyura chilensis Piure.

    Duncan, J. Stanhill, P. Tai, T. Spraker, and F. Oxidative stress and redistribution of glutamine synthetase in California sea lions Zalophus californianus with domoic acid toxicosis. Ryan, R. Chapman, Q. Wu, G. Warr, F. Gulland, and F. Health status, infection and disease in California sea lions Zalophus californianus studied using a canine microarray platform and machine-learning approaches. Developmental Comparative Immunol. Iglesias, C. Guisande, I.

    Riveiro, A. Barreiro, S. Zervoudaki, and E. Fate of domoic acid ingested by the copepod Acartia clausi. Antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in liver and gill tissues of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus following in vivo exposure to domoic acid. Pomeroy, J. Kuo, P. Ramondi, R. Prado, M. Angler exposure to domoic acid via consumption of contaminated fishes. Staaf, J. Field, M. Carter, and M. A note on the detection of the neurotoxin domoic acid in beach-stranded Dosidicus gigas in the Southern California Bight.

    Fryxell, and J. Pseudonitzschia species found in digestive tracts of northern anchovies Engraulis mordax. Greig, K. Fleetwood, T. Spraker, F. Harvey, K. Lefebvre, and E. Domoic acid exposure and associated clinical signs and histopathology in Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina richardii. Rickert, H. Pearce, O. Khan, W. Johnson, and G. Social interactions of stranded and recovering immature California sea lions Zalophus californianus.

    Lundholm, B. Krock, and T. The effect of Pseudo-nitzschia seriata on grazing and fecundity of Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus glacialis. Plankton Res. Confused pelicans may have lingered too long up north.

    Conrad, M. Harris, B. Hatfield, G. Langlois, D. Jessup, S. Magargal, A. Packham, S. Toy-Choutka, A. Melli, M. Murray, F. Gulland, and M. A protozoal-associated epizootic impacting marine wildlife: Mass-mortality of southern sea otters Enhydra lutris nereis due to Sarcocystis neurona infection. Paula, P. Effects of acute waterborne exposure to harmful algal toxin domoic acid on foraging and swimming behaviours of fish early stages.

    Wheeler, N. Pussini, T. Battey, J. Barakos, S. Dennison, K. Colegrove, and F. Magnetic resonance imaging quality and volumes of brain structures from live and postmortem imaging of California sea lions with clinical signs of domoic acid toxicosis.

    Battey, W. Magnetic resonance imaging reveals that brain atrophy is more severe in older California sea lions with domoic acid toxicosis. Schneider, D. Ketten, L. Marino, K. Touhey, and M. Neuroanatomy of the subadult and fetal brain of the Atlantic white-sided dolphin Lagenorhynchus acutus from in situ magnetic resonance images. Hoboken Pussini, G. Schneider, T. Battey, S. Dennison, J. Barakos, and F.

    Neuroanatomy and volumes of brain structures of a live California sea lion Zalophus californianus from magnetic resonance images. The Anatomical Record Ferrante, J. Chaves, J. Soper, J. Almeida, J. Sheets of Balansa are now lectoparatypes. Ratter et al. UEC fl. E — image! Lamanonia chabertii Pamp. Smith Belangera chabertii Pamp. B — image! In the protologue of Belangera chabertii , Pampanini cited the following specimen: Two sheets of Glaziou at G are from Herb.

    The sheet that gives locality data is now the lectotype. All the type material cited above as Glaziou appears to be from a single gathering. In his own account of his collections from Brazil, Glaziou — Some comments about the labelling of Glaziou material are made under Lamanonia grandistipularis. Lamanonia cuneata Cambess.

    Kuntze Belangera cuneata Cambess. Saint-Hilaire specimens referrable to Lamanonia syn. Belangera , arranged by name and barcode number. In column 4, small labels attached to fragments often have the catalogue letter indicated as a squiggle below the collection number. Only sheet P has two fragments with different collection numbers, although on some other sheets, only one of the fragments has a numbered label attached and so it is not clear whether all belong to the same gathering.

    Catalogue C2, collection number see text. In column 6, the locality data use the spellings given on the sheet label; some are printed, others are hand-written in ink. In column 8, types are said to refer to a name in Lamanonia , but note that all these names were originally published in Belangera.

    Lamanonia denticulata Moric. Belangera denticulata Moric. Moricand Jan. Blanchet , Brazil, Bahia, G — image!

    Blanchet Exsic. Lamanonia denticulata is a synonym of L. Lamanonia glabra Cambess. Belangera glabra Cambess. The lectotype and isolectotypes C1 — 66 have flowers and sometimes young or mature fruits the latter in the lectotype and P The lectoparatypes D — P, P have flowers.

    Based on the shape of the leaflets, collection D — , and probably sheet P, was the basis of tab. Lamanonia grandistipularis Taub. Taubert Belangera grandistipularis Taub. C — image! Glaziou n. In addition to the collections he made himself, it is known that he acquired material from other collectors and distributed it with his own labels and numbers, and that sometimes he also altered locality data see Prance ; Wurdack The locality is the same as that of the type of L.

    While it is possible that the type of L. Lamanonia speciosa Cambess. Belangera speciosa Cambess. MPU — image!

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    The three sheets cited here as type material represent all the Saint-Hilaire material that I have seen with the name B. The lectotype P is most probably the basis for tab. Icones 5: The protologue did not mention a collection number but gave the habitat and locality: According to Lima , this is now in the neighbourhood of Santa Cruz in the city of Rio de Janeiro. As no herbarium specimen of Lamanonia ternata collected by Vellozo is known to exist see above , the illustration prepared to accompany the text is designated as the lectotype.

    Several recent publications, including Knapp et al. With the exception of Pastore , they have all stated that the lectotypes are the original parchment plates held in the Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro https: My lectotypification of L. Because the illustration that is now the lectotype is highly stylised, it would be useful to designate an epitype to fix the usage of this name; however, this should be done as part of a wider study of infraspecific variation within L.

    Lamanonia tomentosa Cambess.

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    Belangera tomentosa Cambess. Labels on three sheets listed in Table 1 mention the locality Saint Paul: The upper fragment on sheet P has the same collection number bis as one of the preceding sheets, suggesting it also came from Saint Paul, whereas the lower fragment on this sheet C — has dehisced fruits and leaves that are a good match with those of P, in which again, the number on the fragment C — bis does not correspond to that on the sheet label B1 — Of the four remaining sheets, MPU lectotype appears to be the basis for tab.

    P B1 — is the only sheet with immature fruits. Lamanonia ulei Engl. Belangera ulei Engl. Engler dated , published Ule Herb. HBG — image! The protologue gave the collection locality as stated above but did not cite a particular sheet of Ule as the holotype, and so a lectotype is designated here.

    However, evidence from the volume itself Engler Kilian pers. Burdet pers. However, the date is accepted here in the absence of proof establishing some other date of publication following ICN, McNeill et al. The acceptance of in preference to has no nomenclatural implications in Lamanonia. Lamanonia ulei was included in the synonymy of L. Because no detailed account of this species has ever been published, a description and illustration are given below see F.

    Polystemon pentaphyllus D. Don Sello w s. G — image! The following are probably also isolectotypes: The two sheets at G labelled Polystemon pentaphyllus G, G both have a mixture of 3- and 5-foliolate, apparently glabrous leaves and inflorescences in bud, and are sufficiently similar to belong to a single gathering. Both bear a label indicating the name Belangera glabra in the same writing as P. None of the labels on either sheet appears to mention growing in a vineyard, as mentioned by Don Delessert on the lectotype are now illegible.

    The two sheets at BR have similar characters and are therefore likely to be isolectotypes; both are labelled B. Polystemon triphyllus D. Sello w , G — image! The two sheets at G labelled Polystemon triphyllus have 3-foliolate leaves; G has almost mature fruits and G has old flowers and young fruits.

    The leaves are sufficiently similar for them to be part of the same gathering. One of the labels for Herb. Among the Sellow collections of Lamanonia that I have seen are: Sello fl. K , with no original determination. None of these appears to belong to the same gathering as either of collections given above as the types of Polystemon pentaphyllus or P.

    Martius Herb. BR — image! Florae Brasiliensis, n. The locality details for the lectotype are taken from Martius Glaziou , Brazil, Prov. Rio de Janeiro. FI — image! MO, R. In the protologue, Pampanini cited a single collection as follows: Glaziou, n. Because only one sheet was cited, it is the holotype, assuming that no further sheets of this collection exist at F.

    Numerous other sheets of Glaziou have been located, at BR, K, NY and P, and all have either flowers in bud, or at anthesis, or both, but it is possible that they represent more than one collection.

    Those that resemble the holotype most closely have been designated as isotypes, including the sheet at K, which I previously indicated erroneously on the sheet as the holotype.

    Engler determined the three sheets at BR as belonging to Belangera glabra. The protologue referred to two collections: Chololo, Dec. Sheets of Hassler b are now lectoparatypes. Belangera tomentosa var. Belangera hirta Glaz. Glaziou July Specimen cited: As this is inadequate as a description or diagnosis, the name is invalid. He referred to a single collection: At B, no material of this number has been found Robert Vogt, pers. The sheet at G G was determined as Belangera tomentosa by Pampanini in and as Lamanonia ternata by Zickel in France , in several parts, labelled a, b and c, but all are part of a single work.

    Belangera intermedia Mart. Martius Mato Grosso, fl. See Belangera glabra var. The collection cited by Martius is now the type of Lamanonia glabra var. Belangera riedelina Casar. Engler Comparison of Lamanonia speciosa and L. A drawing of Belangera speciosa Cambess. The types of Lamanonia speciosa and L. According to these authors, although L.

    However, their description of L. Unfortunately, the information available regarding the habitat and elevation for the type collections of Lamanonia grandistipularis and L. As far as we know, Glaziou came from near Itabira in central Minas Gerais but no habitat is given on the label. The habitat for the type of L. The name Lamanonia or Belangera speciosa has been much mis-interpreted, almost since first publication.

    Don made no mention of the stipules of P. Following on from Don, some material of Lamanonia with glabrous leaves has been identified as L. Engler , Kuntze and Pampanini all wrongly treated Lamanonia ternata as a synonym of B. In addition, L.

    One dissenting voice was Smith , who treated L. Much of the material in herbaria that has at some time been labelled as L. In contrast to the situation regarding Lamanonia or Belangera speciosa , the name L. Engler , although Leite put it into synonymy under L. In conclusion, the names Lamanonia speciosa and Belangera speciosa must be removed from the synonymy of L. Lamanonia ulei. The distribution of Lamanonia ulei in south-eastern Brazil. Minas Gerais: Silva MBM — image! Kuhlmann 7 RB — image!

    Rio de Janeiro: Fernades K! RB] ; Nova Friburgo fl. B], holotype; HBG — image! HBG], isotype. Serra da Bocaina, m, 18 May st. Brade s. RB — image! Forest, including secondary forest, at c. Without more information about the distribution of this plant, its occurrence within protected areas and possible threats to its habitat, a provisional threat status of NT seems appropriate.

    This layer of small hairs is quite distinct from the pubescent to tomentose indumentum seen in some specimens of L. The dense arrangement of the hairs means that while the secondary veins can be seen on the lower leaf surface in L. Lamanonia ulei is not a common tree and I have seen material or images of only eight collections. The number of stamens per flower needs to be determined from better material than is currently available to me.

    The earliest of the collections listed here was made by Saint-Hilaire between and No locality is indicated on the sheet other than Brazil, nor is a catalogue number given.

    Balansa — syntypes, now lectoparatypes of B. Glaziou a — specimen cited under B. Hassler b — syntypes, now lectoparatypes of B. Saint-Hilaire B1 — — syntype, now lectoparatype of B. Saint-Hilaire C — and C — bis — syntypes, now lectoparatypes of B. Saint-Hilaire C — — syntype, now lectoparatype of B. Saint-Hilaire C or C2 — bis — possibly lectoparatypes of B. Saint-Hilaire D — — syntype, now lectoparatype of B. Saint-Hilaire s. Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide.

    Download PDF. Kew Bulletin April , Names and types relating to the South American genus Lamanonia Cunoniaceae and its synonyms, the identity of L. Open Access. First Online: Introduction Lamanonia Vell. Generic Names I. Because the type material at G lacks collection numbers, it is difficult to determine whether or not Sellow sheets in other herbaria are duplicates of these collections. Open image in new window. The collection cited here as the type is the only Saint-Hilaire material seen with this name Table 1.

    All the sheets have dehisced fruits and appear to be from the same gathering. Table 1. D — in pencil none 3 fragm.: C — fr. However, type specimens of L. The type material of both names has large stipules that are persistent at several nodes on fertile stems in the remaining taxa the stipules are usually smaller and generally caducous on fertile stems , as well as 5-foliolate leaves that have glabrous, rather coriaceous leaflets with sharply toothed margins.

    Types of both names have axillary racemes that exceed the leaves, although the inflorescences of Glaziou are longer than those in the Saint-Hilaire material.

    The similarity between the types is illustrated in Fig. Note also the similarity between Fig. Treelets or small trees , 4 — 10 m tall. Indumentum on leaf-bearing twigs, petioles and inflorescence axes fawn, composed of two layers, the upper layer hirsute to tomentose hairs c. Apical bud of shoot circular in outline and swollen, 3 — 4 mm diam.

    Leaves opposite and decusssate, each 3-foliolate, the median leaflet larger than the laterals; in fertile material: Leaves in sterile material larger, median leaflets to 14 cm long. Inflorescences axillary, racemose; axis 6. Flowers well spaced along the axis, white or cream at anthesis; pedicels 2 — 3 mm long — 5 mm in fruit , buds ovoid, 4 — 5 mm long, pedicels and buds covered by dense, fawn indumentum; calyx lobes 4 6, triangular, 4.

    Seeds numerous c. South-eastern Brazil Map 1. Map 1 The distribution of Lamanonia ulei in south-eastern Brazil. Kuntze Saint-Hilaire s. Don Sello w s. Don Ule Herb. Anon Professor Don. CrossRef Google Scholar. April bis

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